Water Crisis / GS 3

Water crisis in parts of Himalayas is a warning signs of a greater adversity ahead with respect to water availability in India. Examine the challenges of water availability in India. Also discuss the role that traditional water storage systems can play in averting this crisis? (10 minutes, 250 words)

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1 thought on “Water Crisis / GS 3”

  1. India is home to 6% of the world’s population but gets only four percent of earth’s fresh water. According to 2015 water resource Institute report, 54% of the country being recognised as highly water stressed.

    Shimla in particular has received nearly 60% less water daily since 18th may 2018.
    Challenges of water availability in India.
    1. Shifting rainfall pattern are causing water distress. Monsoon rain has been below average in five of the last 6 years to 2018 and pre monsoon season.
    2. Droughts are particularly likely to become more frequent in north western India according to 2013 World Bank study.
    3. More and more people are depending on pipe water and needs continuous pumping, leading to shortage, if there is any interruption.
    There is a need to promote water management and conservation measures such as reusing treated wastewater, rainwater harvesting etc.
    Traditional water conservation methods in India can be revised to address the water crisis. This includes the followings
    1. Sand Bore – provide a safe alternative for farm irrigation without affecting groundwater.
    2. Modaks – used to conserve and recharge groundwater. Modaks collect monsoon water which seeps in to recharge groundwater and maintain soil moisture
    3. Bamboo drip irrigation- Innova about Tribes of North Eastern states this technique economically uses water during dry monsoon.
    Since moving away from traditional conservation method has added to the problems, reviving these methods can dress the problem to a very large extent.
    Tamil Nadu, is the first state in India which has made roof top rainwater harvesting structure compulsory to all the houses across the state. Other states can also learn from Tamil Nadu and employ traditional method for conservation of water

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