Community psychology

Q. Is community just a group? Judge if an online community qualifies to be called a community. 10 marks

2 thoughts on “Community psychology”

  1. Community is a group of individuals who come from diverse backgrounds ,perspectives and carries a social energy to bring about transformations in a society. Traditional communities are not just a group but an agent of change and welfare. Ex: gram sabhas in village panchayat are not just a group but have an agenda for development.

    Online communities are on a rise after the internet revolution. More than 60% of the people are connected by internet. Platform such as YouTube ,Facebook ,Twitter etc give ample opportunities for groups to develop. Such groups qualifies as communities because it brings various opinions and perspectives on social issues( ex:#MeToo movement) , acts as an agent for change, provides information to its members to take decisions, provides an equal voice to all, questions can directly be asked from the authority,etc.

    Yet anonymity of users on the internet ,prevalence of misinformation in the form of fake news, spreading prejudices through hate speeches that can easily culminate into riots and absence of net neutrality can restrict the internet space to provide for community development.

    Overall internet communities can act as a more efficient space for dialogue and actions as people are more time on the internet then interacting in a community physically.

  2. A community is certainly a group as it has all the features of groups. Communities like a caste group, residents community, professional community etc have the following features like Interaction, goals, interdependence, structure and most important to all , unity( common unity ).
    The unity feature of a community is generally very distinct. Other groups may or may not have this . A community often posseses a common Identity ( Henry Tajfel ) that connects members emotionally, particularly in the time of need. Jain community in India, for instance, shows extraordinary bonding. The affluent members help the other members in all possible ways. In terms of Robert. F. Bale’s interactional model, when group members of a community falter and need support, the other will buoy them up with kind words, suggestions and other forms of help.
    Online communities like Facebook, LinkedIn etc have all the features to be called community but the degrees and quality of community-features may not match in many cases with that of physical communities.

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