2 thoughts on “Freedom struggle”

  1. Consent of people is bedrock for the Governance of society. It is important to the extent that its failure can cause protest against the government by the people. Though that consent not necessarily has to be in expressed form, it can be tacit too.
    With the end of second world war, a new struggle took the form of massive movement against the trial of soldiers and officers of INA.
    While the government accused them of having broken out of loyalty towards British crown, but people welcomed them as national heroes.
    Huge protest and popular demonstrations demanding their release were held all over the country. Even though the court martial held the soldiers guilty, government felt it expedient to set them free.
    Even, the bureaucracy and the police were showing sign of nationalist linings. This was accompanied with numerous agitation, strikes, hartal all over the country.
    It was understood by the British government that it was not possible to rule India anymore, under such circumstances. Moreover, they realised that the rule of British would last for few number of days only.
    Consequently, the British government sent, in March 1946, cabinet mission to India to negotiate with the Indian leaders for the transfer of power to India
    However we must not forget to mention that apart from these agitations against INA trials, other developments were also integral for the formation of cabinet mission. Namely, Tebhaga struggle, Election to the provincial assembly held in 1946.

  2. After the world war II, there was a significant change in the course of the freedom struggle in India. Many INA soldiers were by the British as they were convicted as traitors. In opposition of these arrests, there were a strong resistances and mass agitation from various section of the society. The INA agitation was landmark in many counts:
    1. The high intensity at which the campaign was conducted was unprecedented.
    2. Another feature of the INA campaign was its wide geographic reach and participation of political parties
    3. It had a great effect on the traditional bulwark of the Raj.
    The agitations were of an extreme, direct and violent conflict with authority.
    After observing these agitations, the British government chose to negotiate and finally in 1946, a cabinet mission was sent to India which proposed a federal type of government and the establishment of an Interim government with leaders from different parties.

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