GS-2 / Participatory Governance

Q) Meaningful public participation is paramount for enabling greater efficacy of public policies. Discuss. (10 minutes, 250 words)

References:

2 thoughts on “GS-2 / Participatory Governance”

  1. Meaningful public participation is an arrangement where public play an active role in the governance. They do it, by providing feedbacks, criticisms and innovative ideas to the political setup of the country. However, public participation not necessarily has to be in direct form . It can be also indirect which is facilitated by NGOs, civil society, media etc.
    Public participation is sign of a healthy democracy.
    Although, the involvement of public in governance is a western phenomena, it has not always been an alien element in Asian countries. Emperors like Ashoka, Akbar had welcomed the feedback and opinion of public. Participatory mechanism was an important feature of Chanakya Niti.

    Public participation based on deliberation requires long and careful discussions before the decisions are taken.
    Meaningful public participation is important for greater efficacy to public policy by providing following benefits.
    1. This ensure greater acceptability of the final outcome.
    2. Citizens participation in governance does not embody a deepening of democracy alone it reflects a complete shifts in hitherto existing paradigm of development.
    3. It ensures effective public service delivery as it involves citizens in all phases of a program that is planning, implementation and monitoring.
    4. Civil society engagement which is an important tool for public involvement, is beneficial as it reduces cost of enforcing and implementing government policies and regulations.

    The success of participatory mechanism depends on the combination of several elements like committed public officials mobilized citizen and innovative design features.
    Educating citizens and making them aware about their importance in the governance of society aiming efficient public policy is important for meeting the aim.
    In the current era of Information Technology advancement participatory mechanism is actively facilitated in the governance, as the authority is forced not only to hearing the grievances but also responding to them within definite time period, something which has been lacking in the past. RTI act 2005, PIL, social media, press etc are some of the most strengthening elements for the participatory mechanism.

    1. Good effort Alice.

      One suggestion: give more contemporary examples where you are making the points not at the end. eg: RTI, ideas for smart city or any other case study mentioned in the reference material to support each point. That gives weight to your answer.

      5/10

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