Q. The dynamics of Indo China relations has never been so complicated. On one side we see Shabarmati gestures, BRICS cooperation, business relation whereas on the other side are the issues of vetoing membership of India in NSG , Ajhar Masood from being declared as terrorist through the UN platform, corridor through POK, border issues.

What are the major reasons for such incongruent variations in the Indo-China relation. What prediction you can make about the future outcomes. Do you still see the relevance of ” Panchsheel ” ?. 7.5  marks

3 thoughts on “IR”

  1. India China relations are characterized by huge mistrust, large bilateral trade, China’s friendly relations with Pakistan and conflict over line of control. Various reasons for incongruent variation in their relationship lies in the fact that their relation is at the cross road of competition and cooperation.
    Cooperation areas are mainly economic-70-Billion-dollar bilateral trade, related to Asian Resurgence, stand against global powers in Climate change, western world hegemony in WTO, World Bank, BRICS, New Development bank etc.
    Competition areas mainly strategic where each one is trying to show other down.
    China is determined in using its economy and muscle power to increase its influence in the region (China-Pakistan-Economic Corridor) without caring for India’s national interest.
    China is also using its power to undermine India at various international forums be it NSG or be it banning Azhar Masood in United Nations.
    India is countering the same by using strengthening its bilateral relationships with various Asia countries, joining hands with US, Japan, Vietnam to check Chinese presence in the region.

    Predictions about future outcomes:
    India and China both are mature economies and they will keep aside their differences and continue to cooperate with each other. They will not let their differences become dispute.
    Relevance of Panchsheel: Panchsheel principles are still relevant today but they have to be followed by both the countries. They can be applied in solving various issues that India and china are facing in their relationship be it border issue or about their national interests.

  2. Major reasons for incongruent variations between Indo China relation are-
    1.Both countries started on cordial relation with Panchsheel but after the war of 1962 their relation remain cold.
    2.On Chinese side the reasons are South China sea(our country close proximity with US made china uneasy over south china issue),Dalai lama visits ,India ‘abstain from OBOR initativespecially etc.
    2.India ,USA and Japan “malabar exercise” can be seen by China as an attempt to isolate it.
    3.On the other hand on indian side China ‘ close relation with Pakistan be it econmic ,trade and bilaterally can be seen as transgression by India.
    4.recent Sikkim doklam case,China” s obstruction in India bid to NSG membership etc issues can be further taken as provoking action by china ; causes a sense a deep rooted mistrust btwn both countries.

    Prediction about the future – these issues are not new .in past both countries also came across the more or less same issues and they have resolved them bilaterally . both countries ‘s high level leaders should try to resolve the issues as early as possible. china wants to invest heavily in India and also india does nt want to degrade their relation with fast growing neighbour. so definately both countries would follow the mechanism to regain the lost ties between them.
    Principal of Panchsheel is comprimised here and there by China with india on Pakistan issue but india should be realistic while come to sino india relation.both countries are members of many international forums so we can say that with coming time both would try to align themselves with Panchsheel principles .

  3. Both India and china are rising at the same time in an Asia- Pacific strategic landscape that is in flux. This gives incentives to both the countries to act smart and keep maximizing their influence. They often come in conflict with each other but there come myriads of occasions where they need to collaborate.
    Moreover both the civilizations had cultural and trade ties sice at least the 1st century. The legacy of which can’t easily be broken.
    From the history to the present both have employed mix of friendly and rivalry position on their relationship. However at present india doesn’t remain that weak in relation with China as it used to be before.
    Taking into consideration the past and the present of the relationship between the two countries, one can say that in future they would remain incongruent towards each other. They are to conflict each other on political issues like boundary, terrorism, global commons etc. They would however collaborate on environmental issues like climate change, on economic issues etc.
    Today india’s involvement in malabar project with USA and Japan and China’s ties with India’s neighbors reflect their BOP techniques.
    As far as the relevance of panchsheel is concerned which guided the principles of peaceful coexistence, it can be said that it is not as relevant as it used to be at the time of its origin. Geographically they are in a situation where non cooperation would earn them losses. Principles of panchsheel thus keeps importance.
    Territorial aggression which has become common these days by the two countries, however is against the principle of panchsheel.

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