Malnutrition

As India aspires to fulfil its economic and social development goals, malnutrition is one area which requires greater attention. Critically examine the status of malnutrition in India. What are the proposed in the National Nutrition Strategy (NNS) of Niti Aayog in this regard?  (time limit: 10 minutes, 250 words)

Reference:

ORF

NITI Aayog  (read selectively)

4 thoughts on “Malnutrition”

  1. The malnutrition makes a negative impact on the productivity of any country, therefore it requires a great attention.
    India’s performance on the main malnutrition indicators is poor. According to UNICEF, India was at the 10th rank among countries with the highest number of underweight children and at the 17th rank for the highest number of stunted in children in the world. India has the highest number of undernourished people in the world. Data says that in India, around 38% of the children below 5 years are stunted, 21% are wasted, 36% are underweight, 2% are overweight and around 58% are anaemic.
    Malnutrition in children under 5 also results in nearly half of the 1.3m deaths in India each year. The impacts of malnutrition in adults can be felt too. Data on anaemia show that 56% of young girls and 30% of boys in the age group of 15-19 years are anaemic.
    There are various government measures have been initiated to improve the status of nutrition in the country. In this regard, National Nutrition Strategy of NITI Aayog has proposed:
    1. To reduce all forms of malnutrition by 2030, with main focus on the most vulnerable age groups
    2. To achieve the targets identified as a part of the sustainable development goals related to nutrition and health
    3. To launch a National Nutrition Mission to make integration of nutrition related strategies
    4. To launch measures with a focus on improving healthcare and nutrition among children
    5. To improve maternal care and nutrition
    6. To initiate some governance reforms – convergence of state and district implementation plan for ICDS, Swachh Bharat and service delivery models
    After looking at the negative impacts of the malnutrition, we can say that India needs to overcome the problem of malnutrition to become socially and economically developed country.

    1. Good effort.

      When you evaluate something you also go into the causes. You have just described the present situation in India.

      Malnutrition in India has two sides:
      1. People who are malnourished as they don’t have enough food
      2. The obese who consume an unbalanced diet.
      You have examine both aspects.

      Use statistics to support the point you are making, do not make it the highlight.

      In NNS the important thing is the decentralised approach and use of local machinery (anganwadis and gram panchayat etc) to reach the population at risk.

      1+2 =3/10

  2. In order to meet the developmental goals, a country must have a healthy population, especially when that is witnessing demographic dividend. Malnutrition has become one of the severe challenges, countries are facing due to growing population and shrinking resources.
    Status of malnutrition in India.
    India has been ranked 97 out of 118 countries on hunger by the Global hunger index in 2016.
    India is one of the most affected countries by malnutrition. Statistics by FAO show that India has highest number of undernourished population (around 15% of the total population)
    38% of children below 5 years are stunted, 21% are wasted, 36% are under weight and 54% of children between the age group of 6 and 59 month are anaemic.
    Causes of this scenario
    a. Unemployment, poverty, hunger, unsafe water and lifestyle, ignorance of healthy diet.
    b. Lack of knowledge and inappropriate behaviour.
    c. Intake of unhealthy food by pregnant women.
    The national nutrition strategy published by Niti Aayog aiming the vision 2022 “kuposhan mukt bharat ” has proposed the followings to cope up with this malaise.
    1. It calls for a Framework under which uptake of Health Services – food, drinking water, sanitation and income and livelihood work together to accelerate decline of undernutrition in India.
    2. Adequate consumption of iodised salt by pregnant women.
    3. A decentralised approach should be adopted to implement nutrition program.

    1. malnutrition -> unhealthy population -> reduced productivity and economic outcomes, burden on health infrastructure, etc

      Status:
      two broad category of malnutrition… malnourished because nothing to eat, obese who eat only junk food (elaborate these points a little)

      Causes given are really good. Add change in dietary practices -> nutrient deficient high calorie foods also

      NNS: Give examples of the measure of decentralised approach (eg. use of anganwadi and gram panchayat) / National Food Security Mission etc

      2 + 3 = 5/10

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