Q. Discuss the findings and implications of Loftus Elizabeth’s studies on eyewitness memory? 10 marks. (Beautiful Mind Test Series 2019)

1 thought on “Memory”

  1. Model answer outline :
    Loftus Elizabeth’s studies revealed that
    an eyewitness memory is not always pure. The reported memory may have influence of the contexts. Memory in the natural context tends to be consistent and symmetrical with the context. While encoding, additional studies also support the view of Loftus, that we memorize both content and context. During retrieval, we often make logical-contextual inferences to fill the gaps in the recalled content. This is often called constructed memory.
    Moreover, the ways questions are asked could also influence the eyewitness retrieval process. Loftus proved that an eyewitness judgement of some behaviour ( eg driving speed) varies depending upon the verb used/suggested by the verifying person.

    Implications of Loftus Elizabeth’s studies studies : Eyewitness alone should not be relied upon. Investigating agencies must collect other evidences including forensic evidences. Then only more flawless judgement could be possible.

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