Psychology Posted on July 15, 2017 by Arun Kumar Psychology Q. With three suitable examples, illustrate the concept of physical, social and psychological disadvantages. What inter relationship do you see among them? Substantiate your view. 10 marks Arun Kumar M.Sc.(Psy), UGC( NET), R&T Exp: 20+ Yrs, Founder -Beautiful Mind , Delhi Share Next Psychology Previous Indian Economy You may also like... Mental disorders Protected: Q.6(b). Creativity refers to novel ideas that address some problems in useful way.Critically examine the statement and discuss how creative insight can be explained.15 marks [ CSE 2018 ] Educational psychology 7 Responses Comments7 Pingbacks0 kshitij says: July 15, 2017 at 4:58 pm disadvantage means any psychophysical situation that creates a barrier to achievement of some goal. when such disadvantage is caused due to sociogenic reasons lying outside the individual, leading to restriction of self fulfillment, it is called social disadvantage. for eg. caste hierarchy puts many restrictions on individual’s aspirations when it is caused by presence of certain physical barriers, it is physical disadvantage .. for eg. economic hurdles, a physically handicapped person finds it difficult to compete with fully abled in a race. when the disadvantage is related to psychological factors, it is psychological disadvantage. for eg. a low IQ person finds it difficult to compete with an high IQ person on some reasoning exercise. any of these three can give rise to disadvantage. once set in, one gives rise to another and each reinforces each other. one classic example is poverty. a poor is physically (economically) disadvantaged, it causes his social status to be very low- his participation in society remains low. which further causes low motivation and fatalistic attitude and thus, he does not even try to alleviate his position. all these 3 disadvantages reinforce each other creating what is called a culture of poverty.. Reply Arun Kumar says: July 16, 2017 at 11:25 am Disadvantage means only psychophysical conditions ? Define or describe it fully in the opening paragraph. Rest is suitable Reply Anshu says: July 15, 2017 at 9:48 pm A disadvantage refers to those factors and attributes which puts one in an inferior position in comparison to others. It can be physical, social or psychological depending upon the cause. Physical Disadvantage: eg. Physical disability disqualifying a person in military recruitment. Social Disadvantage: eg caste based discrimination preventing a person from low caste from entering into a temple. Psychological Disadvantage: eg Absence of motivation in a sportsperson leading to his low chances of winning a game. Be it any cause, a disadvantage ultimately affects the performance, well-being, hopes and aspirations of a person. The causes of disadvantages are in way interrelated, one leading to another and the chain continues. This is illustrated in following examples A physical disadvantage leading to psychological disadvantage: eg A disabled person undergoing depression over his disability Psychological disadvantage leading to social disadvantage : eg a cognitively weak student’s failure in exam brings humiliation in the class, because of which she might lose friends and without friends she might feel sad and dejected which will further lower her performance. Here a cycle of disadvantages get created. Thus causes of disadvantages can be said to be intertwined. Reply Arun Kumar says: July 16, 2017 at 11:26 am Good elaboration ? Reply Manreet says: July 16, 2017 at 2:05 am Disadvantage refers to certain factors and attributes of an individual (his/her group) that are responsible for making one feel inferior on comparison to another group. Physical disadvantage is linked to organismic factors. For instance eligibility criteria for admitting soldiers in army whereby applications are demanded only from those meeting appropriate height as benchmark will make many more who want to join army at physically disadvantaged position. Social disadvantage can be best understood in light of hierarchical nature of indian society. Even today Dalits are forced to carry out menial tasks and perform manual scavenging. This inferior position makes them vulnerable. Psychological disadvantage can be understood, say from changed pattern of civil services exam. Till 2013 mandatory CSAT in prelims generally gave engineers an edge over other stream graduate students who felt disadvantaged psychologically. A complex and dynamic Inter relationship exists among all above mentioned disadvantages. A person may simultaneously experience combination of any of the disadvantages. Moreover environmental factor has a big role to play. Disadvantage mainly leads to a condition or state of deprivation. For instance a dalit ( socially disadvantaged position ) cannot readily access scarce resources citing his low socioeconomic status in society ( poverty as a cause ). Psychologically he would experience low self esteem, low need of achievement, low need of extension, aggressive behavior and may be stressed. Enhanced deprivation affects Cognitive Competence. As physical health deteriorates, it affects mental well being also. Relationship between disadvantage and deprivation sometimes takes cyclical form with varying physical, social, economic and cultural consequences. Interventions along with government policies can prove useful. Reply Arun Kumar says: July 16, 2017 at 11:34 am (responsible for making one feel inferior ..) is disadvantage only a feeling? Your answer however has originality ? Reply Abhishek R. says: July 17, 2017 at 8:04 am Thank u for comment sir, I do not get the proper word at the time of ans writing i will improve it in other questions. disadvantage is a feeling of being deprived in terms of education, prosperity, status etc. however it can be considered as a stage also when you lack of psychological stimulus for the proper development like vygotsky theory of child development if a child could not get the proper internalization in the society he could not be able to do learn social skills. Reply Leave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *Comment Name * Email * Website This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.