Applied philosophy

Q. Examine the scope of Maslow’s needs hierarchy to understand and uplift personnel motivation. 10

4 thoughts on “Applied philosophy”

  1. Maslow theorised that human needs follow a hierarchy or an order of progression i.e. there are some lower order needs (deficiency needs) which have to be satisfied for the higher order needs (growth needs) to energise a person to persist his efforts towards fulfilling them.
    According to Maslow, an employee would not be motivated to perform a creative and challenging role (self-actualization need) if his salary is insufficient, and a salary raise would not motivate a worker if he is satisfied with his present salary and now is striving to get recognition and regard for his work in the form of Best Employee Award (esteem need).

    So Maslow’s need hierarchy enables the employer to understand that each employee is operating at a different level on the need hierarchy and requires a different intervention for uplifting her work motivation. An annual salary hike may not motivate every employee.

    Also the personnel needs are continually changing i.e. periodically varying up and down on the hierarchy, so the employer has to be dynamic and sensitive to those changes. For e.g. an employee’s salary hike resulting in better performance last year may not work this year, now may be an insurance policy (safety need) would motivate him.

    So as can be seen Maslow’s need hierarchy for work motivation has to be applied at individual level, which works well in workplaces having fewer employees, but can be a big challenge in large organisations having thousands of workers.
    Because in large organisations, identifying the need level of each employee keeping in view the dynamic nature of changes that take place periodically on the need hierarchy, and then designing specific interventions for each one of them would be a time, cost and labour intensive exercise.

    1. Good… . Emphasize the fact that Maslow was probably the first person to acknowledge and emphasize the role of non monetary factors in personale motivation..

  2. Abraham Maslow gave the theory of need hierarchy. He stated that every human is motivated by different needs, which are prioritized according to their importance to humans. The lower level needs are associated with survival of humans ie deficiency needs eg physiological needs, safety needs, belonging needs, upper level needs are associated with self actualisation ie growth needs, eg esteem needs, aesthetic needs, actualisation needs. If lower needs are fulfilled then only human move towards its higher needs.

    According to Maslow, every employee has basic needs (deficiency needs) ie salary, secured job, regular pay etc. If these needs are not fulfilled then an employee will feel demotivated and dejected. If these needs are fulfilled then only a personnel would feel motivated to fulfill higher order need like better role in the organisation, active participation in goal setting and achieving, recognisation by others etc.

    Maslow’s hierarchical needs help employer to understand growth potential of the employee, if the employee is satisfied with the basic need, the employer can understand motivation of employee to move further in better roles in the organisation. Once the employee is established then increase in pay at the same position will not motivate to increase the productivity, now the need of the employee is to hold bigger responsibility, participation, recognisation, given the employee had worked at same position some period of time and had gained experience, better know how.

    The theory works well where there is group of small number of employees working under a employer. It gives more time and space to identify the needs of employee. In a larger group it is very likely employer will not have time to assess the needs of every employee, which can lead to dissatisfaction. Role of employer is essential as s/he has to sensitive to the needs of employee.

    1. To examine the applied value of a theory, both assumptions and evidences matter. Your answer is good in the analysis of assumptions.

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