CSE 2017: Psychology paper 2 Posted on November 23, 2017 by Arun Kumar Psychology Q. Explain reciprocal inhibitions in behaviour therapy and point out its theoretical bases. 20 marks Arun Kumar M.Sc.(Psy), UGC( NET), R&T Exp: 20+ Yrs, Founder -Beautiful Mind , Delhi Next Psychology paper 2 Previous Mental disorders You may also like... International Relations Indian Freedom Struggle How to make most of the psychology test series program for CSE 2019 6 Responses Comments6 Pingbacks0 Siddharth says: November 23, 2017 at 7:31 pm Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibitions is a technique to address phobias and anxiety disorders. The main idea behind this therapy is that two reciprocal responses can’t exist at same time. For e.g. a person can’t be relaxed and anxious at the same time, or, can’t be happy and sad at the same time. This therapy follows classical conditioning principles and a conditioned response is tried to be changed with another response that is reciprocal and incompatible with the previous response. Continuous desensitisation is taught against a hierarchy of anxiety provoking stimuli. Example: For treating a person with fear of heights, the therapist first tries to get insight about the intensity and magnitude of the clients fear based on which he makes an anxiety hierarchy. The therapist then teaches relaxation techniques to the client. Now the therapist asks the client to think about standing at a height of 10ft. The client may feel some anxiety and so the therapist asks the patient to relax. Next time the intensity is slightly increased to 25ft. and the client is again asked to relax. Similarly the intensity is increased multiple times until the client feels less anxious in most intensities. To further aid the treatment, in vivo desensitisation can be done where the client will be placed in real life settings. We use reciprocal inhibitions very oftenly in our everyday life. E.g. when we face some anxious situation or when we are hurt or when we feel angry the first thing we are told to do is try to relax and calm down. The theory of classical conditioning by Pavlov is the basis for reciprocal inhibitions. The fears are nothing but conditioned responses and just like these responses the relaxed states can be conditioned too and the conditioned stimulus can be changed into neutral stimulus. Reply Arun Kumar says: November 25, 2017 at 11:03 pm The answer is almost appropriate. You should however note that every fear is not a conditioned fear… Natural fear response towards some stimulus, for example, is not a conditioned response. Moreover, you should write incompatible response at the place of reciprocal response…. Principles of reciprocal inhibitions stem from the theory of conditioning /counterconditioning. Theory of classical conditioning does explain reciprocal inhibitions like in conditioned taste aversion but only in part.. Reply Kanak Priey says: November 23, 2017 at 7:34 pm The fundamental theory behind this therapy of reciprocal inhibition is that two incompatible responses cannot exist together at a single point of time. Like a smile and cry cannot happen together, relaxation or low arousal cannot be present with anxiety or high arousal. On this theoretical base Joseph wophe designed the therapy. This therapy try to inhibit the maladjustive response and bring more adaptive response for the same troubling stimulus. Its done in a very objective manner and outcome is visible. Steps- 1. The specific stimulus and its maladjustive response is identified. 2. A hierarchical pair of stimulus-response is listed. Where characteristics of stimulus is varied and level of response is observed. Say, stimulus is blue color and response is anxiety/fear. The therapist may start with light blue and move towards deep blue and responses are recorded. 3. Then the person is brought under the expected response condition, say relaxating condition. 4. Which will be followed by the problematic stimulus, initially with least maladjustive effect. 5. Over the sessions the stimulus gradient and the positive response level will keep increasing. 6. Finally the person will be confronted with most problematic level of stimulus, in above example it’s deep blue color as stimulus. There comes a time when no more maladjustive response or least amount of it is observed and more adjustive response is paired with the stimulus , like in above example blue color stimulus is followed by relaxation. The relaxation may be done using other behavioral techniques like simply lying down and concentrating on breath flow or watching some interesting movie. This therapy based on above said principle has shown very effective and empirically visible outcomes, particularly in anxiety related disorders and hence its validity is quite accepted. Reply Arun Kumar says: November 25, 2017 at 11:06 pm The answer has the required substance. You however should focus more on explaining than describing. Also, principles of reciprocal inhibitions should be elaborated with several examples Reply vaishnavi Fulzele says: November 24, 2017 at 9:33 am Reciprocal inhibition can be explained by operant procedure of behaviour modification. Reciprocal inhibition is a behaviour therapy technique and is based on the principle that different psychology responses are incompatible with each other I.e. A person cannot simle and cry at the same time. When it is necessary to eliminate undersirable behaviour alternative behaviour ought to be reinforced. Example: Treatment to reduce anxiety 1) In order to reduce anxiety of a person therapist must first identify the anxiety provoking stimulus. 2) Then, the individual is exposed to the stimulus. This increases his or her anxiety. Then the therapist ask him or her to relax and just observe the stimulus and psychology responses. 3) This procedure is repeated for some more session. 4) ones the individual learns to respond in a relax manner to that particular sitmulus, then his anxiety towards it will be replaced by relaxation in the presence of the stimulus. This therapy is useful to reduce anxiety to a greater extend and has proven validity. Reply AMIT SHANKAR SINGH says: November 24, 2017 at 9:46 am Reciprocal Inhibition, as a concept was introduced by Joseph Wolpe. It is based on the premise that reciprocal behaviours can’t exist simultaneously. Reciprocal behaviours compete against each other and in long run one of the behaviours give way to other in response to the particular stimulus. e.g. Laughing and Crying, Anxiety and Relaxation etc. Reciprocal Inhibition is used in therapeutic process like Systematic Desensitization, Assertion Training, Avoidance Conditioning therapy to treat disorders like Phobia, Anxiety, Avoidance etc. Wolpe first demonstrated this technique in experiment with cats. Cats learnt behaviour of feared response to a bell which was paired with shock. Then, the same bell was paired with presentation of food and within few trials the fear associated with bell got extinct. A procedure to demonstrate reciprocal Inhibition would be like this. An object, e.g. Snake which causes arousal in a person because of fear, is introduced in an environmental setup of guided relaxation. With repeated trial of the procedure, the undesired behaviour of fear gives way to relaxed state of mind and cause significantly less arousal. The theory underlying the technique is Pavalovian Classical Conditioning. Proximity between occurrence of the two events is hallmark of classical conditioning. In this technique, most of the time, the reciprocal behaviours are made to occur simultaneously.The suitable behaviour replaces the maladaptive behaviour with a no of trials. Reply Leave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *Comment Name * Email * Website This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.