Rural Development

Q. What are the prime objectives of ” Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana” . How is this scheme different from others rural development schemes? Discuss the major implementation issues associated with the scheme. 7½ marks

7 thoughts on “Rural Development”

  1. The sansad adarsh gram yojana was launched in 2014 under the scheme a member of parliament will adopt a village from their constituency or their district if the mp is from rajya sabha or any where in the country if the mp is nominated to develop the village into a model village of social and economic development based on the local needs. The reason why SADY is different from other schemes is that it is oriented towards the local needs I.e needs of the particular village panchayat e.g if a village needs water harvest facilities then that will be the primary focus and other areas of development will be centered around it this is one of the first times development schemes are created by local demand instead of central planning. This scheme encompasses into it all major existing schemes for rural development I.e india awas yojana mgnrega etc. The plan for funding the scheme is more varied it not only draws funds from central schemes and state funds but gram panchayat funds and corporate social responsibility fund as well. The major implementation issue has been lack of interest from MPs only 23 out 543 in lok sabha and 6 out of 252 is rajya sabha. The identification of villages is difficult for politicians as the population criteria is stringent 5000 people in a village for plains 1000 to 3000 in hills and tribal areas politicians prefer larger target groups to secure more votes. The scheme failed to meet targets in phase one and is behind schedule in phase 2 lack of funding is a major factor also mps are cautious as they don’t want to spend too much on 1 village and sacrifice the rest of the constituency.

    1. Suitable line of answer! Be precise.. For example you can simply say that this scheme does not have dedicated funding but borrow from the existing rural development schemes.

  2. Prime Objectives –
    1.SAGY gives focuss on community’s participation.this type of social mobilisations reduce the ceratin risk behaviour like alcohalism ,smoking etc
    2.Facililating good governance and strengthning local democracies thorugh tansparent gram panchyat and active gram sabha.
    3.Women participation in the decision making process is encouraged by holding mahila sabha and bal sabha to discuss women and children litracy, e-litracy will further support vulnerable section of the society.
    4. Providing infrastruture to schools like toilets ,libraries supproting smart schools etc
    It is different from other scheme:
    1.As it is based on Demand driven model nt Supply it trigger an urge within village itself to develop there own village.
    2.It targets only 2500 villages by 2019 to be developed as model villages .so one expect tangilble results.earlier schemes targets were unrealistic like PMAGY targeted 44,000 villages .
    3.IT is more like” do it uorself by community participation” rather than depending heavly on governments for everything .
    Implemntaion issues-
    1. No proper guidelines on finacial resources.mostly funding depend on private and corporate funding which is not regular.
    2.It has been diffcult for mp to monitor on regular basis the ground deveoplement.
    3.there is no additional fund allocated to this schems and it talks about convergence and utilisation of already existing schemes it is quite diffult to know each and every schemes and its framework and ultilization.

    1. Answer is almost suitable. Keep it brief . Focus on the main ideas only. You may not be able to remember such fine details in the exams.Try to answer in your own words.
      3 marks

  3. Prime objective of the sansad Aadrash Gram yojna is to develop model villages which can act as model-for development for nearby villages. These model villages will be adopted by each member of Parliament in their constituency and they have to adopt 3 such villages by 2019.
    Model villages will have all basic amenities, housing for all, all-weather roads, broadband connectivity. It will be developed on the lines of overall holistic development so it will also include better human develop, better local governance, better productivity and opportunities for all.
    The key idea is to showcase villages a model which they can adopt for development.

    This scheme is different from other schemes in two ways:
    1) It is looking for overall holistic development rather than focusing on single issue like road, sanitation, housing or healthcare.
    2) Bottom-up-approach: The purpose of the scheme is to invoke a spirit of involvement by the people for their own development, a feeling a competition.

    Major implementation issue:
    There is no separate fund allocated for this scheme so lack of fund is leading to lack of interest of member of parliamentarian in taking proactive action to accomplish this objective. Absence fund leads to diversion of funds from other sources and their congregation in one particular village goes against the principle of democracy.
    since start of the scheme no major progress has been reported so far.

    1. Add motivation issue. As adopting one village may displease people of other villages of the constituency, it demotivates an MP to go for this . This is evident from the fact that after years since its inception, several MPs have not adopted any village…
      Rest is good 3.5 marks

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